American engineers began developing digital technology in the mid-twentieth century. Their techniques were based on mathematical concepts suggested by the seventeenth-century German mathematician, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibnizwho proposed a binary computing system. Digital technology is a base two process.
Any item, piece of equipment or product system, whether acquired commercially off the shelf, modified, or customized, that is used to increase, maintain, or improve the functional capabilities of children with disabilities.
The term does not include a medical device that is surgically implanted, or the replacement of such device. Almost any tool can be considered to be an assistive technology device except for those assistive technology devices that are surgically implanted and have been excluded from the definition of an assistive technology device as defined in IDEA.
The definition of an assistive technology device is very broad and gives IEP teams the flexibility that they need to make decisions about appropriate assistive technology devices for individual students.
For example, a classroom computer with a word processing program can be considered assistive technology for a student who demonstrates difficulty in writing and spelling if the IEP team has determined that it is educationally necessary.
Assistive technology devices can be purchased from a local store or a vendor that specializes in the production and sale of assistive technology devices. These devices often need to be modified or customized to meet the individual needs of a student with a disability.
For example, a computer keyboard may need to be adapted through the addition of tactile locator dots for a student with a visual impairment. A range of assistive technology devices are available.
An adapted cup with enlarged handles may be used by a student who has difficulty holding a standard cup. Assistive technology devices are available in a variety of categories to address functional capabilities of students with disabilities.
These categories include but are not limited to: Academic and Learning Aids: Electronic and non-electronic aids such as calculators, spell checkers, portable word processors, and computer-based software solutions that are used by students who has difficulty achieving in the educational curriculum Aids for Daily Living: Self-help aids for use in activities such as eating, bathing, cooking, dressing, toileting, and home maintenance Assistive Listening Devices and Environmental Aids: Electronic and non-electronic aids such as amplification devices, closed captioning systems, and environmental alert systems that assist students who are hard of hearing or deaf with accessing information that is typically presented through an auditory modality Augmentative Communication: Electronic and non-electronic devices and software solutions that provide a means for expressive and receptive communication for students with limited speech and language Computer Access and Instruction: Input and output devices, alternative access aids, modified or alternative keyboards, switches, special software, and other devices and software solutions that enable students with a disabilities to use the classroom computer Environmental Control: Electronic and non-electronic aids such as switches, environmental control units, and adapted appliances that are used by students with physical disabilities to increase their independence across all areas of the curriculum Mobility Aids: Electronic and non-electronic aids such as wheelchairs manual and electronicwalkers, scooters that are used to increase personal mobility Pre-vocational and Vocational Aids: Electronic and non-electronic aids such as picture-based task analysis sheets, adapted knobs, and adapted timers and watches that are used to assist students in completing pre-vocational and vocational tasks Recreation and Leisure Aids: Electronic and non-electronic aids such as adapted books, switch adapted toys, and leisure computer-based software applications that are used by students with disabilities to increase participation and independence in recreation and leisure activities Seating and Positioning: Adaptive seating systems and positioning devices that provide students with optimal positioning to enhance participation and access to the curriculum Visual Aids: Electronic and non-electronic aids such as magnifiers, talking calculators, Braille writers, adapted tape players, screen reading software applications for the computer, and Braille note-taking devices that assist students with visual impairments or blindness in accessing and producing information that is typically present in a visual print modality.
Adapted from the Assistive Technology Guidelines for Kentucky Schools, Kentucky Department of Education A particular student with a disability may require assistive technology solutions from one or more of the above categories. For example, a student with a severe intellectual disability may use an augmentative communication device to supplement his or her communication skills, adaptive switch toys to participate in leisure activities, and an adapted keyboard for accessing the software applications on the classroom computer.
The above listed categories of assistive technology devices are not disability specific.Definition of technology Technology is a Greek concept consisting of the words tekne ('art', 'technique') and logos ("set of knowledge").
The word is used to name the skills that allow you to make objects and modifying the environment. These example sentences are selected automatically from various online news sources to reflect current usage of the word 'high technology.' Views expressed in the examples do not represent the opinion of Merriam-Webster or its editors.
technology noun best technical knowledge, latest scientific knowledge, scientific advancement, state of the art, state of the industry, updated scientific knowledge Generally: application, development, latest products, moddrn science, science.
Definition - What does Information and Communications Technology (ICT) mean? Information and communications technology (ICT) refers to all the technology used to handle telecommunications, broadcast media, intelligent building management systems, audiovisual processing and transmission systems, and network-based control and monitoring functions.
Technology refers to methods, systems, and devices which are the result of scientific knowledge being used for practical purposes. Technology is changing fast. They should be allowed to wait for cheaper technologies to be developed.
Technology: Technology, the application of scientific knowledge to the practical aims of human life or, as it is sometimes phrased, to the change and manipulation of the human environment. From hand tools to computers and engineering, learn more about technology in this article.