This report contains a discussion of the following election issues: However, in a handful of states one must submit a valid reason to vote absentee; these can be reasons such as a disability or illness, travel, military, school, employment, non-felony incarceration, and religious reasons. While almost anybody can vote absentee, 26 of the states require the voter to personally to request an absentee ballot Figure 1. In the other half of the states, agents of the voter can request an absentee ballot.
Voter ID laws and the evidence: In recent months, there has been a flurry of court-related action relating to voter ID laws, with the U. As of Junesome 33 states had laws in place requiring voters to provide some proof of identity in order to fill out a ballot.
In a contemporary context, the specific voter ID issue comes down to two empirical questions: First, is there any contemporary evidence of fraud that would necessitate such laws? Second, when voter ID laws are in place do they suppress turnout in a way that disadvantages certain classes of persons, such as the elderly or racial minorities?
Perhaps the most comprehensive research review effort to date comes from the Government Accountability Office GAOwhich was asked by Congress to review these laws in light of the election.
The report, more than pages in length, then discusses a quasi-experimental research study, conducted by the GAO, analyzing the results of voting in Kansas and Tennessee. This comparison group was also selected because each state saw stable voting patterns and did not have confounding factors, such as ballot initiatives, that would skew comparisons.
The GAO researchers also examine issues of potential voter fraud. The eighth study found similar rates of ID ownership statewide between African-Americans and Whites in Pennsylvania, and the ninth study did not estimate rates of ownership among these demographic groups in North Carolina.
ID ownership rates among Hispanic registered voters were also estimated to be lower than those of White registered voters in seven of the studies.
The GAO researchers reviewed 10 rigorous academic studies that looked at how voter ID laws affected voting patterns, concluding that there were mixed results: Among the 5 studies that showed statistically significant effects, 1 of the studies found an increase in voter turnout nationwide of 1.
The other 4 studies that showed statistically significant effects found that voter ID requirements decreased voter turnout, and the estimated decreases ranged from 1.
Compared with changes in turnout in all the comparison states combined, we estimate that turnout for eligible voters declined by an additional 3. The GAO researchers note that because there is no central data source for reporting fraud, valid conclusions about fraud rates are difficult.
However, they did review five academic studies, five investigative reports by states and information from the U. That street-level poll workers do not necessarily implement laws uniformly. Kerevel of Lewis University, R. Hall of the University of Utah — analyze results from a survey of a random sample of poll workers in four New Mexico counties.
See the majority opinion in the Shelby County v.
Election - Participation in elections: Electoral participation rates depend on many factors, including the type of electoral system, the social groupings to which voters belong, the voters’ personalities and beliefs, their places of residence, and a host of other idiosyncratic factors. The level and type of election have a great impact on the rate of . The September/October issue previews state legislative elections and what voters will face on statewide ballot measures. Also read about efforts to halt sexual harassment in legislatures, NCSL’s new leadership and much more. Primary elections with a gap of more than thirty days had a median decline in voter participation of %, while those with a gap of twenty days or less had a median decline of %. Voting Laws: Voter registration laws, voter identification laws, early voting, and polling place accessibility can also affect voter turnout, though not always.
Holder case, written by Chief Justice John Roberts, who said that a provision of the Voting Rights Act should no longer be enforced, opening the door for ID laws in some states; and a widely reported opinion by Judge Richard Posneran influential appeals court jurist and scholar, who criticized the empirical basis for voter ID laws.
October 16, We welcome feedback. Please contact us here.The term issue voting describes when voters cast their vote in elections based on political issues. In the context of an election, issues include "any questions of public policy which have been or are a matter of controversy and are sources of disagreement between political parties.” According to the theory of issue voting, voters compare the .
Arkansas Issue 2, Voter ID Amendment () - Issue 2 was designed to require individuals to present a valid photo ID to cast non-provisional ballots in person or absentee.
The Arkansas State Legislature referred the measure to the ballot, with Republicans and four of . Two citizen-initiated measures and one legislatively referred constitutional amendment were on the November ballot in attheheels.com three were approved. One measure required voter photo ID to vote in future elections, another authorized four casino licenses in specific counties, and another was designed to raise the state's minimum wage to $11 per hour by Gov Ch STUDY.
PLAY. If the US were operating today under articles of confed., issues such as the effect of acid rain on the environment would be handled by a)congress b)executive branch In US presidential elections, voter turnout is typically a) less than 25% b) less thank 30%. The September/October issue previews state legislative elections and what voters will face on statewide ballot measures.
Also read about efforts to halt sexual harassment in . Jul 25, · The New Republic’s Nate Cohn brings some data to the debate over the Republican push, in North Carolina and elsewhere, for increasingly-stringent identification requirements at the polls.
The North Carolina data confirms what many suspected: Voter ID laws have a disparate impact on non-white and Democratic voters.