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The answer is actually quite simple. General Information At the risk of stating the obvious, you can do a lot worse than start by looking at the excellent Wikipedia article on Stoicism. We have no complete texts by the Greek founders of Stoicism, only fragments.
Most of our knowledge of it comes from three Roman Stoics: Seneca, Epictetus, and Marcus Aurelius. Nevertheless, we learn a great deal about Stoicism from their writings.
We also learn a great deal about Stoicism from many comments made by non-Stoics, most notably the Roman philosopher and statesman Cicero, who was a Platonist himself but nevertheless very sympathetic toward Stoic ideas.
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Now check your email to confirm your subscription. There was an error submitting your subscription. Having read it, people often still lack a basic understanding of the basic doctrines of Stoicism, at least in an explicit form.
The translation I recommend for modern readers is by Gregory Hayes. Marcus was greatly influenced by Epictetus, and probably thought of himself as a follower of this particular sect of Stoicism.
The Handbook is very short and also written aphoristically, although in more confrontational style than The Meditations. There are also a few fragmentary sayings of Epictetus worth reading. If not, skip to the writings of Seneca below.
Marcus and Epictetus never mention Seneca, although he lived before them. Either get a copy of his complete writings or look for abridged collections of his various essays often other, longer letters and dialogues.
However, his writings provide one of our major surviving sources for information on Stoicism. He also wrote in Latin. He has many writings which provide important accounts of Stoicism. It draws upon early Greek Stoic thought and provides an much more systematic account of Stoic Ethics than you find in Marcus Aurelius or Seneca.
Other Stoic Writings There are many other lesser known Stoic writings and other non-Stoic ancient sources that are of importance to the study of Stoicism.
Shaftesbury was an English philosopher and scholar of ancient Greek and wrote his own Stoic journal in the style of The Meditations.
It can also be read as an insightful commentary on Marcus and Epictetus by a man who was trying to adopt a similar Stoic way of life, albeit in the early modern era. Modern Commentaries There are many superb modern books on Stoicism. I should mention my own book Teach Yourself Stoicism, which was written as a self-help guide based on Stoicism.
My book, Build your Resilience, is also a self-help text, which combines elements of Stoicism with third-wave cognitive-behavioural therapy.
Goodreads List If you want even more, take a look at this list of suggestions maintained by different members of Goodreads: Popular Books on Stoicism.On the other hand, since Seneca was a Stoic, he believes “philosophy, however, takes as her aim the state of happiness” (Seneca Letter XC Extract ).
In The Stoic Philosophy of Seneca, representative selections from Seneca's writings offer the reader an excellent introduction to the range of his work.
Click to read more about Stoic Philosophy of Seneca: Essays and Letters by Lucius Annaeus Seneca. LibraryThing is a cataloging and social networking site for booklovers All about Stoic Philosophy of Seneca: Essays and Letters by Lucius Annaeus Seneca/5(1).
books culture letters philosophy psychology Seneca Stoicism View Full Site Brain Pickings participates in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for sites to earn commissions by linking to Amazon. Moses Hadas has selected letters and essays which reveal Seneca's major philosophical themesâ€”the relationship of the individual to society and to the gods; the meaning of pain and misfortune; man's attitudes to change, time, and death; and the nature of the highest good and of the happy life.
Moses Hadas has selected letters and essays which reveal Seneca's major philosophical themes--the relationship of the individual to society and to the gods; the meaning of pain and misfortune; man's attitudes to change, time, and death; and the nature of the highest good and of the happy life.4/5(1).