This is both because of earnings that could potentially be made using the money during the intervening time and because of inflation. The discount rate element of the NPV formula is a way to account for this. The amount the retail clothing business pays for the store represents Co. Estimated factors include investment costs, discount rate and projected returns.

The discount rate element of the NPV formula is a way to account for this. A rational investor would not be willing to postpone payment. A company may determine the discount rate using the expected return of other projects with a similar level of risk, or the cost of borrowing money needed to finance the project.

The managers feel that buying the equipment or investing in the stock market are similar risks. NPV of the initial investment Because the equipment is paid for up front, this is the first cash flow included Net present value and correct answer the calculation. Identify the number of periods t The equipment is expected to generate monthly cash flow and last for 5-years which means there will be 60 cash flows and 60 periods included in the calculation.

However, because the equipment generates a monthly stream of cash flows, the annual discount rate needs to be turned into a periodic or monthly rate. Using the following formula, we find that the periodic rate is 0. NPV of future cash flows Assume the monthly cash flows are earned at the end of the month, with the first payment arriving exactly one month after the equipment has been purchased.

This is a future payment, so it needs to be adjusted for the time value of money. An investor can perform this calculation easily with a spreadsheet or calculator. To illustrate the concept, the first 5 payments are discounted in the table below.

The calculation could be more complicated if the equipment was expected to have any value left at the end of its life, but in this example, it is assumed to be worthless. That formula can be simplified to the following calculation: In this case, the NPV is positive; the equipment should be purchased.

If the present value of these cash flows had been negative because the discount rate was larger, or the net cash flows were smaller, the investment would have been avoided. Estimated factors include investment costs, discount rate, and projected returns. The payback method calculates how long it will take for the original investment to be repaid.

For this reason, payback periods calculated for longer investments have a greater potential for inaccuracy. Moreover, the payback period is strictly limited to the amount of time required to earn back initial investment costs.

Comparisons using payback periods do not account for the long-term profitability of alternative investments. Net Present Value vs. This method is used to compare projects with different lifespans or amount of required capital.

Although the IRR is useful, it is usually considered inferior to NPV because it makes too many assumptions about reinvestment risk and capital allocation. It accounts for the time value of money and can be used to compare investment alternatives that are similar.

The NPV relies on a discount rate of return that may be derived from the cost of the capital required to make the investment, and any project or investment with a negative NPV should be avoided. An important drawback of using an NPV analysis is that it makes assumptions about future events that may not be reliable.We calculated that the net present value of all of the lemonade stand's cash flows was $ However, to calculate the profitability index, we need the present value of the future cash flows only.

BUS Quiz 9. STUDY. PLAY. Assuming an 8% discount rate, the present value of a $10, payment received in five years is Entry field with correct answer $6, $10, $6, $3, Entry field with correct answer The net present value of the truck is greater than zero. Finance Exam 3.

STUDY.

PLAY. The net present value is best defined as the difference between an investment's: market value and its cost.

relation to its book value? To answer these two questions, Angie should use which one of the following sets of investment analysis methods. Net present value and internal rate of return c. Internal rate of return and average rate of return d.

Net present value and payback Correct answer: b Your answer: In capital rationing, an initial screening of alternative proposals is usually performed by establishing minimum standards%(16). Net present value In finance, the net present value (NPV) or net present worth (NPW) of a time series of cash flows, both incoming and outgoing, is defined as the sum of the present values (PVs) of the individual cash flows.

In case when all future cash flows are incoming (such as coupons and principal of a bond) and the only outflow of cash is.

Net Present Value and Correct Answer; Net Present Value and Correct Answer. Present Value. Question 1 2 out of 2 points | | | Assume that the economy is in a mild recession, and as a result interest rates and money costs generally are relatively low.

The WACC for two mutually exclusive projects that are being considered is 8%.

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What is the formula for calculating net present value (NPV) in Excel? | Investopedia