Crew[ edit ] North and South was directed by Richard T.
In recent decades most historians follow Foner in dating the Reconstruction of the south as starting in with Emancipation and the Port Royal experiment rather than Reconstruction policies were debated in the North when the war began, and commenced in earnest after Lincoln's Emancipation Proclamationissued on January 1, Army, President Abraham Lincoln set up reconstructed governments in TennesseeArkansasand Louisiana during the war.
He experimented by giving land to blacks in South Carolina. By fallthe new President Andrew Johnson declared the war goals of national unity and the ending of slavery achieved and reconstruction completed.
Republicans in Congress, refusing to accept Johnson's lenient terms, rejected new members of Congress, some of whom had been high-ranking Confederate officials a few months before. Johnson broke with the Republicans after vetoing two key bills that supported the Freedmen's Bureau and provided federal civil rights to the freedmen.
The Congressional elections turned on the issue of Reconstruction, producing a sweeping Republican victory in the North, and providing the Radical Republicans with sufficient control of Congress to override Johnson's vetoes and commence their own "Radical Reconstruction" in In ten states,  coalitions of freedmen, recent black and white arrivals from the North carpetbaggersand white Southerners who supported Reconstruction scalawags cooperated to form Republican biracial state governments.
They introduced various reconstruction programs including: Conservative opponents called the Republican regimes corrupt and instigated violence toward freedmen and whites who supported Reconstruction. Most of the violence was carried out by members of the Ku Klux Klan KKKa secretive terrorist organization closely allied with the southern Democratic Party.
Klan members attacked and intimidated blacks seeking to exercise their new civil rights, as well as Republican politicians in the south favoring those civil rights. One such politician murdered by the Klan on the eve of the presidential election was Republican Congressman James M.
Widespread violence in the south led to federal intervention by President Ulysses S. Grant inwhich suppressed the Klan. Nevertheless, white Democratscalling themselves " Redeemers ", regained control of the south state by state, sometimes using fraud and violence to control state elections.
A deep national economic depression following the Panic of led to major Democratic gains in the North, the collapse of many railroad schemes in the South, and a growing sense of frustration in the North.
The end of Reconstruction was a staggered process, and the period of Republican control ended at different times in different states. With the Compromise ofmilitary intervention in Southern politics ceased and Republican control collapsed in the last three state governments in the South.
This was followed by a period which white Southerners labeled "Redemption", during which white-dominated state legislatures enacted Jim Crow laws and, beginning indisenfranchised most blacks and many poor whites through a combination of constitutional amendments and electoral laws.
The white Democratic Southerners' memory of Reconstruction played a major role in imposing the system of white supremacy and second-class citizenship for blacks using laws known as Jim Crow laws. Intense controversy erupted throughout the South over these issues.
By the s, Reconstruction had officially provided freedmen with equal rights under the constitution, and blacks were voting and taking political office. Republican legislatures, coalitions of whites and blacks, established the first public school systems and numerous charitable institutions in the South.
White paramilitary organizationsespecially the Ku Klux Klan and also the White League and Red Shirts formed with the political aim of driving out the Republicans.
They also disrupted political organizing and terrorized blacks to bar them from the polls.It was a year ago that Ram Giri’s home imploded. The earthquakes that killed nearly 9, people in Nepal in April and May twisted the brick walls of the two-room structure, spilling the.
The following account comes from "A History of Chatham County, North Carolina With Sketches of a Number of Its Prominent Citizens," published in The Chatham News, January – April and December, , Marks st Anniversary of Chatham County [with minor edits].
By Walter D.
Siler . Auto Suggestions are available once you type at least 3 letters. Use up arrow (for mozilla firefox browser alt+up arrow) and down arrow (for mozilla firefox browser alt+down arrow) to review and enter to attheheels.com: $ North and South is the title of three American television miniseries broadcast on the ABC network in , , and Set before, during, and immediately after the American Civil War, they are based on the s trilogy of novels North and South by John Jakes.
The first installment, North and South, remains the seventh-highest rated miniseries in TV history. May 27, · Reconstruction over! Who is to blame? The reconstruction was an era, from to , used to rebuilt the damage done in the South by the Civil War.
Mostly focused on helping African Americans become accepted into modern society, the Reconstruction tore America apart. The Reconstruction Era in America was killed because of violence promoted.
May 29, · The South was the main destructive force behind the close of Reconstruction, with some contributions from the North. Southern supremacists such as the Ku Klux Klan used intimidation and violence to spark fear into freedmen, Radical Republicans, and other supporters of Reconstruction.