Pre cvil war southern society essay

What were the causes of the US Civil War? State Rights, slavery was a factor that pushed the country to war.

Pre cvil war southern society essay

The Antebellum Period in American history is generally considered to be the period before the civil war and after the War ofalthough some historians expand it to all the years from the adoption of the Constitution in to the beginning of the Civil War.

It was characterized by the rise of abolition and the gradual polarization of the country between abolitionists and supporters of slavery. The annexation of new territory and western expansion saw the reinforcement of American individualism and of Manifest Destiny, the idea that Americans and the institutions of the U.

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The Cotton Economy In The South In the South, cotton plantations were very profitable, at least until overplanting leached most of the nutrients from the soil.

Plantation owners were able to obtain large tracts of land for little money, particularly after the Indian Removal Act was passed in These plantations depended on a large force of slave labor to cultivate and harvest the crop—most white farmers in the 19th century wanted and were able to obtain their own farms as the U.

Pre cvil war southern society essay

The demand for slave labor and the U. As the quality of land decreased from over-cultivation, slave owners increasingly found that the majority of their wealth existed in the form of their slaves; they began looking to new lands in Texas and further west, as well as in the Caribbean and Central America, as places where they might expand their holdings and continue their way of life.

Early Industrialization and the Rise in Manufacturing in the North The early industrial revolution began with textile industry in New England, which was revolutionized by Samuel Slater.

Inthe horse-powered Beverly Cotton Manufactory had begun operating in Beverly, Massachusetts; inSlater opened the first fully mechanized mill in Pawtucket, Rhode Island. His system of independent mills and mill towns spread through the Blackstone Valley into Massachusetts.

The Waltham system also included specialized, trained employees to run the looms—mainly young women—giving rise to the concept of wage labor, which gradually began overtaking previous forms of labor, such as apprenticeship and indentured servitude, family labor, and slavery in industrialized areas.

A population shift from farms to cities had already begun, but the promise of better income in factory jobs accelerated that movement.

Manufacturing advances were not limited to the textile industry alone. Similar advances occurred in other industries, including the manufacture of equipment, machinery, furniture, paints, paper, and glass.

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Every part of American industry and production was affected. Penny Press and Affordable Newspapers Among the areas benefitting from advances in technology was the printing business, in particular, the printing of newspapers.

Most newspapers in the early 19th century cost six cents a copy and were affordable only to the upper classes, though a barter system often allowed readers to trade rags, whiskey or other goods for a subscription.

InAmerican Richard M. Hoe made a further improvement with the rotary printing press, which arranged the material to be printed on a cylinder rather than a flat plate, allowing a much larger volumes of material to be printed—millions of copies in a day rather than thousands—at a lower cost.

These advances led to a rise in the number of newspapers published, with more available at prices affordable to the working class—byabout 3, newspapers were published in the U. Papers were often read aloud in homes, bringing news of the government, politics, and local events.

Significant speeches were sometimes printed in their entirety, giving politicians and social activists a much wider audience. Stories from one newspaper might be reprinted in others, sometimes with local commentary or editorial rebuttals added.

The advent of the telegraph meant news from distant places could be disseminated much more rapidly. Newspapers also relied on news—factual or not—provided in the form of letters to the editor, which were usually unsigned or made use of a pseudonym such as Plato or A True American. They sold for a penny each, making news and even literacy itself more accessible to the working class.

Many stories in the penny papers were sensationalist and embellished to say the least. Modern tabloids can trace their origins to the penny press—but so can modern mainstream newspapers.Frederick Douglass: "The Lion of Anacostia" Frederick Douglass () Frederick Douglass, the man who became a strong symbol and a vocal advocate for freedom for American slavers, was born into slavery, with the name Frederick Augustus Washington Bailey.

The American Civil War was the result of a variety of causes ranging from slavery and states rights to industrialization and societal change. American Civil War: Causes of Conflict Search the site GO. The Civil War was fought in over 10, places and was the bloodiest war in the history of the United States.

Two percent of the population at the time (approximately ,) died during the conflict ().More Americans died in the Civil War than in all other wars combined.

Major Battles of the Civil War

African Americans In The Civil War summary: African-Americans served in the in the Civil War on both the Union and Confederate side. In the Union army, over , African American men served in over units, as well as more serving in the Navy and in support positions.

Jun 02,  · Disunion follows the Civil War as it unfolded. The most obvious constitutional result of the Civil War was the adoption of three landmark constitutional amendments. The 13th ended slavery forever in the United States, while the 14th made all persons born in the United States (including the former.

Events like the war created upheaval in the lives of many individuals and everyone was scrambling to find his or her place in society.

The same was profoundly true for blacks in America. No societal movement had a more profound effect on the lives of Black Americans than did the Civil Rights Movement.

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