Total war and genocide

In addition to the killings, more than 20, civilians were expelled from the area—a process known as ethnic cleansing.

Total war and genocide

Total war and genocide

It is unclear why Frau Sonnenberg believed this as there is no direct evidence for her claims. On the same day in Gobabis, Hereo chief Traugott Tjetjo and Lieutenant Streitwolf hold a meeting to discuss the shooting of alleged Herero cattle thieves by a settler named Bulack.

Tensions between the Herero and the Germans are high. On the same day the trader Jakobs arrives at Okahandja reporting that he had passed a very large group of Herero travelling towards the fort.

He sends out a patrol to speak to the Herero. He believes they intend to attack the fort and start a war against the Germans. He informs other military stations and the Governor that the Herero are planning an attack on the Germans.

He also informs them that paramount chief Samuel Maharero, with whom the Germans wish to speak, has left the region to aid a sick friend. Samuel Maharero later writes in a letter to Governor Leutwein that he had left the area because he had seen the Germans suddenly start arming for battle and was convinced that the Germans were preparing to kill him.

At this point both sides believe they are about to Total war and genocide attacked. On the way they pass the home of an old Herero man who gesticulates to them that they should go no further. Later that morning a number of Herero pass through the town.

Shots are fired from the fort. Two German settlers who did not retreat into the fort are killed by the Herero. As more Herero pass through the town the soldiers begin to shoot at them incessantly. A battle breaks out in Okahandja. The Herero-German war begins.

The battle spreads from Okahandja across the region to other mission stations and Herero holdings. Leutwein however arrives too late to prevent a war between the Herero and the colonists.

Von Trotha absolutely refuses to enter into any negotiations, claiming that only a total defeat of the Herero will suffice. After failing to win a number of battles the Herero retreat to the Waterberg where they intend to enter into negotiations with Governor Leutwein.

Von Trotha arrives at the Waterberg with the intention to crush the Herero. On August 11 the Germans initiate an all-out battle against the gathered Herero, a large number of whom are women and children.

Precursors to Genocide

The battle turns into a massacre. In fear and desperation the Herero turn away from the German guns and run into the waterless Omaheke Desert.

This is the last battle between the Germans and the Herero. The Herero are utterly defeated. Their flight into the desert marks the beginning of the Herero Genocide. They then bomb the church in Gibeon so that the Germans cannot use it as a fort for defence.

This formalises the war between the Witbooi Nama and the Germans. Von Trotha is commanded to gather up the remaining Herero and take them to concentration camps as prisoners of war.

February — May, 40 percent of the prisoners at Swakopmund concentration camp die. He tells the Nama that if they do not surrender they will suffer the same fate as the Herero. In 10 months the Germans have captured and imprisoned over 13, Herero.

Hendrik Witbooi is shot in the leg. He eventually dies from blood loss. He is buried in an unmarked grave. The new Governor, Friederich von Lindequist, arrives to take his place.

After the death Hendrik Witbooi, the Witbooi finally surrender to the Germans under the conditions that they will be given their freedom upon surrender.

Many Nama groups follow suit. The Governor orders that the Witbooi must be captured and punished for their betrayal of the Kaiser. June, A large group of Nama who had fought under Captain Manasse arrive in the Windhoek concentration camp.

This is the single largest contingent of prisoners to arrive on the island. Shark Island becomes the most notorious concentration camp in South-West Africa.

The Windhoek concentration camp records its highest month of fatalities:The Persecution of Serbs in the Independent State of Croatia included the extermination, expulsion and forced religious conversion of hundreds of thousands ethnic Serbs by the genocidal policies of the Ustashe regime in the Independent State of Croatia (NDH) during World War Ustashe regime systematically murdered approximately , to .

In This Article

Mexican Revolution: 1,, []: The population explosion of the 20th Century is so pervasive that populations have continued to climb during most of the bad times listed on this page; however, the intensity of the Mexican Revolution is such that the counted population of Mexico actually declined from 15,, in to 14,, in Total war means that all of the nations’ resources are redirected to the war effort.

While that can include Genocide as the Second World War did with the Holocaust, I’d argue that the Holocaust was a war crime and a crime against humanity perpetrated during the period of the Second World War and not really a part of the war itself. Bangladesh Genocide Archive An online archive of chronology of events, documentations, audio, video, images, media reports and eyewitness accounts of the Genocide in Bangladesh in the hands of Pakistan army.

This list only considers mass killings recognized as genocides by the legal definition in significant scholarship and criteria by the UN Genocide Convention This list of genocides by death toll includes death toll estimates of all deaths that are either directly or indirectly caused by genocide.

This genocide paralleled the Armenian Genocide and Greek genocide. [] [] The Assyro-Chaldean National Council stated in a 4 December , memorandum that the total death toll is unknown, but it estimated that about , Assyrians died between and

Srebrenica massacre | Facts, History, & Photos |